Introduction to Information Technology

Welcome to Introduction to Information Technology

This course provides an introduction to information technology and computing systems, it covers both the history and theory of information systems as well as the practical application of technologies. The student will be introduced to computer software, hardware, and networking technologies, as well as information security, privacy, and social issues inherent in information technologies. The practical application of productivity software, data management, HTML and CSS, are covered, as well as an introduction to computer coding through Scratch and Java. Future trends in information technology are addressed through topics including data mining, visualization, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, and Blockchain.

This is a self-paced online course, designed for 3 hours of college credit. It contains 13 modules, each with multiple lessons that support varied approaches to engaging with the topic, including readings, video, and a knowledge-check quiz. To earn credit for the course, students must complete 54 low-stakes lesson knowledge-check quizzes, 21 lesson practice activities, 13 module evidence assignments, 13 formative module quizzes, and 2 exams (proctored summative assessments).

Before you start the course

  • Review the Course Learning Outcomes, located in the the tab above
  • Download and review the Course Requirements Document, located in the Documents tab above.
  • Review the Technology Requirements, located in the Technology tab above.

To complete this course and receive a final grade

  • Study all of the lessons within each module and complete the Check Your Knowledge activity at the bottom of each Lesson to receive participation credit.
  • Complete each module quiz.
  • Complete each module evidence activity.
  • Complete the mid-term examination.
  • Complete the final examination.


If you have a technical issue or feedback for this course, contact our support team at

Ready to learn more about Introduction to Information Technology?

Click on the Modules below to get started.

This course focuses on the following learning outcomes. By the end of the course you will be able to:

  • Explain and summarize the history and development of information technologies, including computing hardware, software, and Internet-based technologies.
  • Compare and analyze the fundamental structures of computer networks and the Internet.
  • Compare functions of and create projects based on current information applications, including productivity, data management, visualization, and website development.
  • Design and implement information solutions with basic computer coding.
  • Analyze and evaluate security, privacy, policy, and other social issues inherent in information technology development and use.
  • Summarize and compare emerging information technologies and their impacts on users, society, and organizations.
  • Evaluate and create information technology solutions through systems design and programming.


You can download a readable PDF of the Course Syllabus.

Course Requirements

You can download a readable PDF of the Course Requirements.


Planning Your Course

To help you plan out your studies, here are two schedules you can follow to complete this course.

  • 7-week course plan
  • 14-week course plan

Course Outline

Module 1 – Introduction to Computer Systems

Introduction to Computers and Computing

  • What is Information Technology
  • What is computing – Logic
  • Binary – all 0 and 1
  • Computers at work, home, society

History of Technology and Computing

  • Different forms of technology/computing
  • Analog vs. digital computing
  • Development of computing technology
  • Futures – Moore’s Law

Information Literacy

  • Define IL
  • How to find information
  • What information you need
  • Digital divide

Digital Citizenship

  • Define DC
  • Living life “online”
  • Law – countries
  • Regulation
  • Security

Module 2 – Computer Hardware

The Systems Unit

  • Basic Computing “parts” CPU, BIOS, RAM, Board, HD
  • How these parts interact
  • Form Factor and size

Inputs and Outputs

  • How inputs and outputs interact w/the CPU through the compiler
  • What is an Input
  • What is an output
  • Interaction errors


  • How data is stored on a computer in binary
  • Storage units (bits,bytes, KB MB GB
  • Local vs. cloud storage
  • Physical storage media options


  • Memory types (BIOS, ROM, RAM)
  • How memory impacts computer speed and usefulness

Module 3 – Computer Software

How Computer Software Works

  • Basic computing Software (OS, Apps, SW types)
  • History of SW creation/programming

Operating Systems

  • OS as the computer central manager – both of other SW and hardware
  • Common OS packages
  • Mobile OS packages
  • Management functions of the OS

Application Software

  • Function of application software
  • Categories and examples of apps

Software Sources

  • Software licensing agreements (EULAs)
  • Sources of software – proprietary, OSS
  • What is free software
  • Using software in the cloud

Module 4 – Data and Databases

Data as a Resource

  • Data is not just a result of doing business, but has become its own business
  • Who owns data about you?
  • Where is data stored?

Data Structures

  • Flat data – spreadsheets
  • Relational Databases
  • Object Databases
  • SQL
  • NoSQL

Database Management Systems

  • Define DMS
  • List types
  • Why database management systems are important
  • Functionality

Data Warehousing

  • Define Data Warehousing
  • Where data comes from
  • How is data transformed potential information

Module 5 – Information and Information Systems

What is Information

  • DIWK, how data becomes information
  • How humans use information
  • Information and Meaning

Information and Society

  • How information and technology impact society
  • How society impacts
  • Information and technology
  • Who uses information Information manipulation

Systems Thinking

  • What is a system
  • Systems development
  • System management

Designing Information Systems

  • Define and information system
  • Elements of info system
  • Uses and goals of info systems
  • Design approaches

Applied Information Systems

  • Management Information Systems
  • Decision Support Systems Knowledge
  • Management Systems
  • Personal Information Management

This course is delivered fully online and you will be required to have access to a computer, laptop, or web-capable mobile device – along with consistent access to the internet – to access course material and complete assignments. Review the information below to ensure your system meets the minimum requirements necessary to complete a course for credit.  

PC Requirements


  • Intel Core 2 Duo (or AMD 64×2 Dual-Core) processor
  • 1 GB RAM
  • 80 GB hard drive
  • 1024×768 resolution monitor
  • Soundcard with microphone and speakers
  • Built-in or external webcam
  • Broadband internet connection with speeds of  at least 2 Mbps download and 2 Mbps upload. Hot spots are not recommended. Test internet speed at:
  • Browser with pop-up blocker disabled


  • Windows 7 or above

Macintosh Requirements


  • Intel Core 2 Duo (or AMD 64×2 Dual-Core) processor
  • 1 GB RAM
  • 80 GB hard drive
  • 1024×768 resolution monitor
  • Soundcard with microphone and speakers
  • Built-in or external webcam
  • Broadband internet connection with speeds of  at least 2 Mbps download and 2 Mbps upload. Hot spots are not recommended. Test internet speed at:
  • Browser with pop-up blocker disabled


  • Mac OS 10.6 “Snow Leopard” or above

Tablet or Smartphone

NOTICE:  Though you can view and interact with all of the available course content on a tablet or smartphone, you MUST USE A DESKTOP OR LAPTOP computer to complete the proctored midterm and final examinations.


  • 2 GHz process or faster
  • 1 GB RAM or greater
  • 80 GB hard drive
  • Microphone and speakers
  • Wireless internet connection

Thank you for your participation in this TEL Library Pre-Course Survey. All course surveys are used to improve the quality of our course offerings and to gain insight into the trends and needs of online students. All data is automatically set up to omit personally-identifiable information as required by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and other federal and state law. It should take less than 10 minutes to complete this survey.

Please answer each question as honestly as possible, we use your responses to make our courses better. We value your opinion and input!

This survey is only available to students who have enrolled in this course.

This section contains PDF versions of each of the lessons from within the course.  The lessons are available as PDFs and are accessible for most screen readers.

The downloadable lessons are only available to students who have enrolled in this course.

If you have any issues accessing the documents, please contact



Module 1 – Introduction to Computer Systems – 4 Lessons

  • Lesson 1 – Introduction to Computers and Computing
  • Lesson 2 – History of Technology and Computing
  • Lesson 3 – Information Literacy
  • Lesson 4 – Digital Citizenship

Module 2 – Computer Hardware – 4 Lessons

  • Lesson 1  – The Systems Unit
  • Lesson 2 – Inputs and Outputs
  • Lesson 3 – Storage
  • Lesson 4 – Memory

Module 3 – Computer Software – 4 Lessons

  • Lesson 1 – How Computer Software Works
  • Lesson 2 – Operating Systems
  • Lesson 3 – Application Software
  • Lesson 4 – Software Sources

Module 4 – Data and Databases – 4 Lessons

  • Lesson 1 – Data as a Resource
  • Lesson 2 – Data Structures
  • Lesson 3 – Database Management Systems
  • Lesson 4 – Data Warehousing

Module 5 – Information and Information Systems – 5 Lessons

  • Lesson 1 – What is Information
  • Lesson 2 – Information and Society
  • Lesson 3 – Systems Thinking
  • Lesson 4 – Designing Information Systems
  • Lesson 5 – Applied Information Systems

More Lessons Coming Soon